Political, intelligence, bureaucratic and military sources have indicated that the recent peace accord signed with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland faction headed by Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah (NSCN-IM) bypassed a comprehensive political, intelligence and military consultations. The end-result is that the peace accord, hailed as historic by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, may still not be able to end the insurgency festering the Naga people for the past six decades. While it is well known that Naga insurgency is spread over three states of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur and carried on by several groups, the signing of a peace accord with the NSCN (IM), whose influence and area of operation is limited to three districts of Ukhrul, Senapati, and Tamenglong (of Manipur), may not be able to cut ice with other insurgent groups. It is pointed out that the Union Home Ministry has been seriously engaged in reaching out to several terrorist outfits of the Northeastern region to broker a comprehensive peace accord. These efforts are said to have been undermined by a separate accord signed with the NSCN (IM). However, officials supporting the accord say that the NSCN (IM) is the largest and most influential faction; and the accord signed with it would persuade and compel other factions to follow suit. The question is what happens if the accord fails in delivering the ‘baby’, not even roughly sketched out in the public version of the accord.
At the same time, political sources assert that the Prime Minister has again given the Congress Party a handle to criticise the NDA government by not involving the chief ministers of Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. All these states are areas impacted by the Naga insurgency and hence, the chief ministers of these states have a clear locus standi in the matter.